Engineering and Applied Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research on Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Ceramic Matrix Composites

Ceramics have excellent properties such as high hardness, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance, and have great potential for applications in harsh environmental conditions. However, the hard and brittle nature of ceramics makes processing and modification very difficult, which requires its composites to form ceramic matrix composites with other materials with complementary performance advantages. Currently, ceramic composites are synthesized using brazing, diffusion welding and self-propagating high-temperature synthesis techniques. The residual thermal stresses in ceramic composites prepared by brazing and diffusion welding have a large impact on the mechanical properties of the joints, and self-propagating high-temperature synthesis can alleviate this drawback. Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) technology is a technology that utilizes the high chemical reaction heat energy generated between the reactants to join the desired materials in a very short period of time, which can effectively alleviate the large residual stresses due to the differences in mechanical properties, such as coefficients of thermal expansion, between the parent materials. It has the advantages of simple synthesis process, simple equipment, low energy consumption, no external energy supply when the reaction occurs, and environmental pollution. This paper reviews the research progress of SHS technology in recent years in ceramic/metal dissimilar materials joining, and analyzes the micro-morphology and mechanical properties of ceramic/metal interfaces, and puts forward the advantages and disadvantages of SHS technology.

Ceramic Matrix Composites, Mechanical Properties, SHS, Residual Thermal Stress

APA Style

Deshui Yu, Yan Zhang, Jianping Zhou, Daqian Sun, Hongmei Li. (2023). Research on Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Ceramic Matrix Composites. Engineering and Applied Sciences, 8(4), 80-82. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.eas.20230804.13

ACS Style

Deshui Yu; Yan Zhang; Jianping Zhou; Daqian Sun; Hongmei Li. Research on Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Ceramic Matrix Composites. Eng. Appl. Sci. 2023, 8(4), 80-82. doi: 10.11648/j.eas.20230804.13

AMA Style

Deshui Yu, Yan Zhang, Jianping Zhou, Daqian Sun, Hongmei Li. Research on Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Ceramic Matrix Composites. Eng Appl Sci. 2023;8(4):80-82. doi: 10.11648/j.eas.20230804.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Belmonte M. Advanced ceramic materials for high temperature applications [J]. Advanced engineering materials, 2006, 8 (8): 693-703.
2. Cho B R, Lee J J, Kang S K. Effect of composition change on sintering and metallizing of alumina ceramics [J]. Journal of Ceramic Processing Research, 2009, 10 (1): 121-123.
3. Donald I W, Mallinson P M, Metcalfe B L, et al. Recent developments in the preparation, characterization and applications of glass-and glass–ceramic-to-metal seals and coatings [J]. Journal of Materials Science, 2011, 46: 1975-2000.
4. Liu Y, Wang G, Cao W, et al. Brazing ZrB2-SiC ceramics to Ti6Al4V alloy with TiCu-based amorphous filler [J]. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 2017, 30: 516-522.
5. Li C, Si X, Dai X, et al. Understanding the effect of surface machining on the YSZ/Ti6Al4V joint via image based modeling [J]. Scientific Reports, 2019, 9 (1): 12027.
6. Ma D D. Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of TiC/Fe cermet structural composites [J]. Ceramics, 2019 (07): 40-50.
7. Yu S F, Zhang Y Q, Xie M L, et al. Al2O3 ceramic/stainless steel self-propagating high temperature in-situ synthesis joining [J]. Journal of Welding, 2004 (02): 119-122+134.
8. Hou X H, Yu J K. Effect of Na2B4O7 addition on the structure and properties of Al2O3 ceramic-lined steel pipe prepared by the GS-SHS method [J]. Ceramics–Silikáty, 2018, 62 (1): 74-80.
9. Bao Y, Huang L, An Q, et al. Insights into arc-assisted self-propagating high temperature synthesis of TiB2-TiC ceramic coating via wire-arc deposition [J]. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2020, 40 (13): 4381-4395.
10. Liang Y, Han Z, Lin Z, et al. Study on the reaction behavior of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of TiC ceramic in the Cu–Ti–C system [J]. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 2012, 35: 221-227.
11. Song M S, Huang B, Zhang M X, et al. Study of formation behavior of TiC ceramic obtained by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis from Al–Ti–C elemental powders [J]. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 2009, 27 (3): 584-589.
12. Xinghong Z, Chuncheng Z, Wei Q, et al. Self-propagating high temperature combustion synthesis of TiC/TiB2 ceramic–matrix composites [J]. Composites Science and Technology, 2002, 62 (15): 2037-2041.
13. Macedo Z S, Ferrari C R, Hernandes A C. Impedance spectroscopy of Bi4Ti3O12 ceramic produced by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis technique [J]. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2004, 24 (9): 2567-2574.
14. Miloserdov P A, Gorshkov V A, Andreev D E, et al. Metallothermic SHS of Al2O3–Cr2O3+ TiC ceramic composite material [J]. Ceramics International, 2023, 49 (14): 24071-24076.
15. Nakashima Y, Kamiya R, Hyuga H, et al. Rapid fabrication of Al4SiC4 using a self-propagating high-temperature synthesis method [J]. Ceramics International, 2020, 46 (11): 19228-19231.
16. Merz J, Richardson P, Cuskelly D. Formation of Mn2AlB2 by induction-assisted self-propagating high-temperature synthesis [J]. Open Ceramics, 2021, 8: 100190.