Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2018, Page: 129-133
The Construction of Unique Baku-Batum Pipeline in the Trans-Caucasus
Mir-Yusif Mir-Babayev, Department of Industrial Ecology and Life Safety, Azerbaijan Technical University, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic
Received: Oct. 23, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 10, 2018;       Published: Dec. 14, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.eas.20180305.12      View  276      Downloads  39
Abstract
Azerbaijan, which has been linked with oil for centuries, became a famous frontrunner in the world's oil industry in the 19th century. The world's first oil in large quantities is produced in Azerbaijan (Apsheron Peninsula) and much earlier than in the Americas, Europe and Asia. The main reason was that the Baku oil lies at shallow depths and come out to the surface in the form of springs. Back in 1594, well-known master from Baku Mahammad Allahyar Nurogly built in Balakhany stage oil well deeper than 35 m, which gave a lot of oil. Also, the Baku oilmen are the first in the transport of crude oil, kerosene and other petroleum products by tankers on the sea and by rail tank cars (in 1877-1883). The world's first kerosene line Baku- Batum with a total length of 829 miles (1 mile of equals 1,066 meters) was built to pump fuel from Baku (April 1897 – July 1907). It should be noted that the international press in 1907, printing information about the world's largest kerosene pipeline with a capacity of 60 million pounds, compared this "miracle of world" with the Eiffel Tower in France and the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia.
Keywords
Russia (Azerbaijan), Oil Pipeline, Kerosene Pipeline, Trans-Caucasus, Baku Settlements, Baku Oilmen
To cite this article
Mir-Yusif Mir-Babayev, The Construction of Unique Baku-Batum Pipeline in the Trans-Caucasus, Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2018, pp. 129-133. doi: 10.11648/j.eas.20180305.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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