Volume 4, Issue 3, June 2019, Page: 66-73
Rapid Assessment of Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contamination in Soils: Spectroscopy Approach
Douglas Reward Kokah, School of Water, Energy and Environment, Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK; National Agency for Science and Engineering Infrastructure, Garki, Abuja, Nigeria
Aziaka Duabari Silas, School of Aerospace, Transport and Manufacturing, Cranfield University, Cranfield, UK
Osaribie Nelson Akeme-Esuotei, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Nigeria
Received: Mar. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 2, 2019;       Published: Jul. 22, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.eas.20190403.13      View  40      Downloads  15
Abstract
Soil contamination with total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) as a result of crude oil exploration and exploitation activities is currently a major environmental challenge. This study proposed diffuse reflectance spectroscopy as a viable technique for rapid assessment of hydrocarbon contamination on oil spill sites in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Spectroscopy approach was carried out in the laboratory for the prediction of TPH concentrations (mg kg-1) in genuine petroleum contaminated soils (fresh wet), as compared with analytically measured TPH concentrations. Very strong positive correlation (r = 0.9686) was achieved between analytically and spectroscopically-predicted TPH (mg kg-1). Actual and predicted absorbance (ABSact and ABSpred, respectively) values were determined and appear not to be consistent. However, very strong positive correlation appears when each of parameter was plotted against measured TPH concentration. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy methodology was found to be as good as the labour-intensive and expensive traditional laboratory analysis of soil PHCs and could be an alternative for laboratory methods and as a viable field-screening tool to enhance risk decision making on-site.
Keywords
Infrared Spectroscopy, Analytical Technique, Petroleum Hydrocarbon, Soil Pollution, Niger Delta
To cite this article
Douglas Reward Kokah, Aziaka Duabari Silas, Osaribie Nelson Akeme-Esuotei, Rapid Assessment of Petroleum Hydrocarbon Contamination in Soils: Spectroscopy Approach, Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2019, pp. 66-73. doi: 10.11648/j.eas.20190403.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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