Volume 4, Issue 6, December 2019, Page: 190-195
Composition and Application of Aircraft Towing Tractor Automatic Control System
Liu Tianchang, School of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China; Flight Test Center, Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd., Shanghai, China
Received: Nov. 20, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 9, 2019;       Published: Dec. 18, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.eas.20190406.17      View  53      Downloads  42
The airports construction level is improved and the construction scale is constantly expanded with the rapid development of society, economy and science and technology, which brings a good development prospect for aircraft towing tractors. On the basis of summarizing the current research and application of aircraft towing tractors, the traction characteristics of towbar and towbarless aircraft tractors were analyzed, and the mechanical, electric, hydrodynamic and hydraulic transmission automatic control system were compared. The composition, working principle and application of hydraulic steering control system, hydraulic braking control system, hydraulic clamping and lifting mechanism and hydraulic hybrid power system of aircraft towing tractors were emphatically discussed. The results show that the configuration of towbarless traction is flexible and the traction capability is strong. Hydraulically controlled aircraft towing tractor has good traction, braking and control characteristics. Electronic hydraulic braking system is precisely controllable, and the hydraulic hybrid technology is beneficial to reduce the energy consumption of aircraft towing tractors. The demand for aircraft towing tractors is increasing with the expansion of the airport distribution and construction, on the basis of constantly improving the existing aircraft towing tractor and according to the needs of airport operation, it is necessary to adopt innovative technology to develop energy-saving, environment-friendly and intelligent aircraft towing tractors, so as to adapt the development needs of aviation industry.
Aircraft Towing Tractor, Automatic Control System, Intelligent Vehicle, Special Vehicle
To cite this article
Liu Tianchang, Composition and Application of Aircraft Towing Tractor Automatic Control System, Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2019, pp. 190-195. doi: 10.11648/j.eas.20190406.17
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
YAN Min, ZHAO Lijun, JIANG Jihai, LIU Tai. Development of Structure and Power Transmission System in Aircraft Towing Tractor [J]. Chinese Hydraulics & Pneumatics, 2009, (12): 1-4.
Roth D, Jacobs G, Pietrzyk T, Schmitz K. Decentralized Compact Hydraulic Power Supply by High Speed Components [J]. ATZ heavy duty worldwide, 2019, 12 (1): 66-71.
Weich C, Bayer D, Puckmayr D. Challenges of functional safety in tractor development [J]. ATZ offhighway worldwide, 2017, 10 (4): 56-59.
Zhang R, Yu X, Hu Y. Zang H, Shu W. Active control of hydraulic oil contamination to extend the service life of aviation hydraulic system [J]. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 2018, 96 (5-8): 1693-1704.
Yang H, Pan M. Engineering research in fluid power: a review [J]. Journal of Zhejiang University-Science A, 2015, 16 (6): 427-442.
ZHU He, WANG Liwen, LUO Xinyue. Dynamics simulation analysis of air suspension towbarless towing vehicle [J]. Machine Tool & Hydraulics, 2018, 46 (13): 144-147.
LIU Chengxin, LIU Hui, SHENG Zhen. Simulation Analysis of Two Kinds of Aircraft Traction Control Based on ADAMS [J]. Industrial Control Computer, 2018, 31 (1): 77-81.
Wang N, Liu H, Yang W. Path-tracking control of a tractor-aircraft system [J]. Journal of Marine Science and Application, 2012, 11 (4): 512-517.
Alonso Tabares D, Mora-Camino F. Aircraft ground operations: steps towards automation [J]. CEAS Aeronautical Journal, 2019, 10 (3): 965-974.
Hasan Y J, Sachs F, Dauer J C. Preliminary design study for a future unmanned cargo aircraft configuration [J]. CEAS Aeronautical Journal, 2018, 9 (4): 571-586.
Egorova O A, Darsht Y A, Kuznetsova S V. Modeling of automatic control mechanism for the hydraulic transmission of a transportation robot under nonlinear motion characteristics [J]. Automation and Remote Control, 2018, 79 (4): 768-773.
Hasan M E, Ghoshal S K, Dasgupta K, Kumar N. Dynamic analysis and estimator design of a hydraulic drive system [J]. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 2017, 39 (4): 1097-1108.
WANG Cuntang, FENG Yixian, FANG Yijun, JIAO Wenrui, XIE Fangwei. Design and experimental study of electronic control synchronous full hydraulic steering system [J]. Machine Tool & Hydraulics, 2018, 46 (22): 30-40.
ZHANG Yinghe, GUO Feng, YANG Shiqiang. Modeling and analysis based on AMESim full hydraulic steering system [J]. Journal of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, 2019, 36 (7): 690-694.
YANG Xiaofei, YANG Ruining, LI Chonghao. Analyse and design of steering system on aircraft towing tractor [J]. Hydraulics Pneumatics & Seals, 2017, (4): 5-7.
Wachter E, Ngu TQ, Alirand M. Virtual simulation of an electro-hydraulic braking system [J]. ATZ worldwide, 2019, 121 (7-8): 54-59.
YU Zhuoping, SHI Biaofei, XIONG Lu, HAN Wei, SHU Qiang. Coordinated control of hybrid braking based on integrated-electro-hydraulic brake system [J]. Journal of Tongji University (Natural Science), 2019, 47 (6): 851-856.
WANG Liwen, WU Zhiheng, ZHANG Wei. Kinematics analysis for clamping and lifting mechanism of towbarless aircraft tractor [J]. Machine Tool & Hydraulics, 2015, 43 (23): 54-57.
Huang H, Zou X, Li L, Li X, Liu Z. Energy-saving design method for hydraulic press drive system with multi motor-pumps [J]. International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology, 2019, 6 (2): 223-234.
Hettesheimer T, Hirzel S, Roß H B. Energy savings through additive manufacturing: an analysis of selective laser sintering for automotive and aircraft components [J]. Energy Efficiency, 2018, 11 (5): 1227-1245.
DONG Han, LIU Xinhui, WANG Xin, ZHENG Boyuan, LIANG Weiquan, WANG Jiayi. Impact of main parameters of accumulator on parallel hydraulic hybrid [J]. Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition), 2015, 45 (2): 421-428.
ZHAO Lijun, WANG Xin, JIANG Jihai. Study on brake control system of aircraft towing tractor base on hydraulic hybrid [J]. Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology, 2011, 43 (9): 81-85.
Shen W, Wang J. Adaptive fuzzy sliding mode control based on pi-sigma fuzzy neutral network for hydraulic hybrid control system using new hydraulic transformer [J]. International Journal of Control, Automation and Systems, 2019, 17 (7): 1708-1716.
Liu Y, Chen D, Lei Z, Qin D, Zhang Y, Wu R, Luo Y. Modeling and control of engine starting for a full hybrid electric vehicle based on system dynamic characteristics [J]. International Journal of Automotive Technology, 2017, 18 (5): 911-922.
Comunian A, Giudici, M. Hybrid inversion method to estimate hydraulic transmissivity by combining multiple-point statistics and a direct inversion method [J]. Mathematical Geosciences, 2018, 50 (2): 147-167.
FAN Wei, LIU Tianq. Simulation study on energy consumption of hydraulic hybrid vehicle optimized by dynamic programming algorithm [J]. Chinese Journal of Construction Machinery, 2018, 16 (6): 526-530.
Aishwarya P, OM B H. Energy management strategy implementation for hybrid electric vehicles using genetic algorithm tuned pontryagin’s minimum principle controller [J]. International Journal of Vehicular Technology, 2016, 20 (5): 301-315.
Sebastien D, Theo H, Sebastien P. Hybrid vehicle energy management: singular optimal control [J]. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2017, 66 (11): 9654-9666.
XU Lei, HE Xiaohui, WANG Qiang. Analysis of hydraulic hybrid vehicle driving / braking system and its control strategy [J]. Journal of Ordnance Equipment Engineering, 2018, 39 (2): 56-60.
LIU Huiyong, XIONG Yeping, ZHAO Qing. Research status and development trends of hydraulic hybrid drive construction machinery [J]. Machine Tool & Hydraulics, 2017, 45 (23): 167-171.
WANG Xin, JIANG Jihai. Regenerative braking control strategy for wheel drive hydraulic hybrid vehicle [J]. Journal of Jilin University (Engineering and Technology Edition), 2009, 39 (6): 1544-1549.
ZHANG Tao, HE Xiaohui, WANG Qiang, LI Sisheng. Research on energy recovery system of wheel drive hydraulic hybrid vehicle [J]. Chinese Hydraulics & Pneumatics, 2019, (10): 90-96.
Browse journals by subject