Volume 5, Issue 5, October 2020, Page: 83-91
Demulsification of Crude Oil Emulsion in Well X in a Niger Delta Field
Marian Charles Abatai, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Julius Udo Akpabio, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Anietie Ndarake Okon, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Benjamin Reuben Etuk, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Received: Sep. 3, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 18, 2020;       Published: Sep. 28, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.eas.20200505.11      View  32      Downloads  23
Abstract
Crude oil emulsion is an inevitable phenomenon in hydrocarbon production. Treatment of crude oil emulsion is challenging when the emulsion is stabilized. As crude oil is brought to the surface and pumped to the production facilities, the formation of emulsion increases operating cost. There is a wide array of demulsifiers that are available in the oil and gas industry for the treatment of crude oil emulsion, but one major concern has always been the efficiency of the treatment. No single universal demulsifier can effectively remove emulsion and a combination of two or more is usually expensive. In this study, crude samples were collected from the inlet manifold of a Niger Delta field and bottle tests were conducted with several demulsifiers to select the best chemical demulsifier for use in treating the emulsions as well as the optimum combination. To achieve this objective, twelve different industrial-based demulsifiers were considered which were EXP50, Separol NF-36, Baker-Basf V13-312, Servo CC-8271, Tretolite RP6275, NACCO-Exxon 006-1442, DMO87005, EXP30, AnticorQIT007, AnticorBE027, DMO86634 and DMO81656. It was observed that DMO87005 and AnticorQIT007 produced better results based on separated water volume than other demulsifiers. Hence, the decision to use these demulsifiers to assess their combined potential and the demulsifier factors, namely, concentration, temperature and time effects on the separated water volume using design of experiments (DOE) approach. The results obtained shows that the selected demulsifiers DMO87005 and AnticorQIT007 in a combined form separate more water volume from the crude oil emulsion. Also, the performance of the combined demulsifier is dependent on the combination ratio of the selected demulsifiers. Furthermore, the results depict that the selected (non-combined) demulsifiers and the combined demulsifier factors’ main effects on the separated water volume are concentration, while concentration-time and temperature-time are the factors’ interaction effects for selected and combined demulsifiers, respectively. Again, the magnitude of the main and interaction effects of the combined demulsifier’s factors on the separated water volume is affected by the selected demulsifiers combination ratio. Thus, the combined demulsifier at 0.45mL concentration at a temperature of 90°C for 60 minutes gave a good potential that would necessitate its use for crude oil emulsion treatment in the Niger Delta.
Keywords
Crude Oil, Emulsion, Demulsifier, Design of Experiments, Niger Delta
To cite this article
Marian Charles Abatai, Julius Udo Akpabio, Anietie Ndarake Okon, Benjamin Reuben Etuk, Demulsification of Crude Oil Emulsion in Well X in a Niger Delta Field, Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2020, pp. 83-91. doi: 10.11648/j.eas.20200505.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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